World War I and World War II Ethics

When reaching about the ethics of the world wars I found videos where helpful in understanding the consents of the ethics of the world wars. My paper is posted on the bottom of this page

 

 

 

In this video it shows how the German nationalism drove them to start World War 2. This is shown in my paper when say “Germany had tremendous war fines and was afraid to show nationalism until one leader Adolph Hitler rose to power. Germany was sanctioned fined and anti military zones put in place called Maginot line to keep Germany suppressed. with the German economy in the gutters and the Geman people afraid to show their nationalism it was easy for Hitler to come to power. He told the German people to be proud and challenge the suppressive countries. This attitude was all caused by the over punishment predicted by President Wilson. Now the remains people are looking for revenge and with a leader like Hitler the peace will not last long. ”

 

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/nationalism-and-wwi?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

 

In this video is shows how each country was linked and how this was a down fall into world war, as shown in my paper “World War One was a war of attrition.This meant it was a stalemate, each side gaining feet and losing feet with large losses of life. Leading up to the war most of Europe’s larger countries where in an “arms race”. This meant the powers in Europe trying to become the most powerful and have the biggest and strongest army. Nations would join with other nations to form pacts and alleys. This was a road to disaster. As soon as a small conflict comes about with 2 countries, the whole world with its growing militaries would be up in arms because of the pacts being formed between countries, once 2 counties have a conflict then the whole world would be taking sides. This is what happened when a Serbian assassinates the archduke of Austria. This was the start of World War One. Going in to the war, countries like Serbia and Austria saw this as an opportunity to hash out rivalries and grow its enemies in war. As for the larger countries that made pacts with Austria and Serbia felt they had to stick to their pacts. So eventually the whole world was at war. The United States involvement did not begin until Jan 1917. By this time most of Europe was already engulfed in the war, neither side seemed to have the edge.”

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/world-war-i-global-connections?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

 

In this video it tells how world war one led in to world war two, as refuted to my paper in this section”The Treaty of Versailles did not do a good job of ending the conflict. instead it was more of cease fire.the Treaty left the Germans with anger and tremendous amounts of war debts. The responsibility for the war was placed on Germany. President Wilson thought peace treaties at the end of the war blamed Germany entirely for WW2 and in the treaties they are going to be punished. Wilson wanted “peace with no victory”as he stated in his address to the sennet on Janary 22, 1917 regarding the united states entry on world war one. he wants “peace with no victory” because he knows the losing side of the war will have harsh feeling or want revenge (Linderman2014). as he suspected the unvictorious Germans came back angry and this is how Germany in turn started world war two.”
 

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/world-war-i-global-connections?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

 

In this video it shows the advancement in the Germans technology such as the u boats stuck fear in American citizens “The Germans had submarines or u-boats often would torpedo and sink cargo ships of the coast of the British Isles. These U-boats would patrol British waters sinking hundreds of ships. The Germans used unrestricted submarine warfare. this meant they would attack any thing they saw as a threat to themselves or a help to the allied armed forces. On May 7, 1914 one of the German U-boats, U-boat U20, fired a single torpedo in to the passenger liner the Lusitania. the Lusitania was caring 1900 passengers on a trip from New York to Liverpool”

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/deconstructing-history-uboats?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

 

In this video it shows just how terrible life in the trench was.”he United States entry to the allied side of war motivated the allied troops. Trench life for the allied solders was purer hell. The solders had a “every one will die in the trenches”. and this is what the US soldIers where coming in on (Rosenburg2014). WW1 the deadliest most gruesome war on a global scale. World War One was a war of attrition”

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/life-in-a-trench?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

 

 

 

 

When talking about the US military and its great transformation its hard to leave out the World Wars, World War One (1914-1918) and World War Two (1939-1945). In wars past the US military used a completely different fighting tactic, also the United States military had many advancements in technology. These topics will be covered in a different section of this project. I will be talking about the different types of ethics used in World War One and World War Two. This paper will include the ethics and views of the people at the home front and the differences of ethics between both World Wars.
World War One and World War Two, are very similar yet very different. Many people felt that World War One was fought for no real reason. They are similar because most of the countries involved in one was involved in the other. World War One, people felt, in simple terms was over exaggerated there was no real reason for world war one to be as big and have as many countries involves as it did. World War One was the largest war to its date. It lasted from 1914 to 1918, and left 16 million dead 7 million of which civilians (Strachan2014). World War One was a war of attrition.This meant it was a stalemate, each side gaining feet and losing feet with large losses of life. Leading up to the war most of Europe’s larger countries where in an “arms race”. This meant the powers in Europe trying to become the most powerful and have the biggest and strongest army. Nations would join with other nations to form pacts and alleys. This was a road to disaster. As soon as a small conflict comes about with 2 countries, the whole world with its growing militaries would be up in arms because of the pacts being formed between countries, once 2 counties have a conflict then the whole world would be taking sides. This is what happened when a Serbian assassinates the archduke of Austria. This was the start of World War One. Going in to the war, countries like Serbia and Austria saw this as an opportunity to hash out rivalries and grow its enemies in war. As for the larger countries that made pacts with Austria and Serbia felt they had to stick to their pacts. So eventually the whole world was at war. The United States involvement did not begin until Jan 1917. By this time most of Europe was already engulfed in the war, neither side seemed to have the edge.
World War One set the stage for World War 2 by adding the United States into the war. the United States entered the war it had drafted 2.8 million soldiers. This boasted moral and helped the allies side of the war, but it was still a hollow victory. The Treaty of Versailles did not do a good job of ending the conflict. instead it was more of cease fire.the Treaty left the Germans with anger and tremendous amounts of war debts. The responsibility for the war was placed on Germany. President Wilson thought peace treaties at the end of the war blamed Germany entirely for WW2 and in the treaties they are going to be punished. Wilson wanted “peace with no victory”as he stated in his address to the sennet on Janary 22, 1917 regarding the united states entry on world war one. he wants “peace with no victory” because he knows the losing side of the war will have harsh feeling or want revenge (Linderman2014). as he suspected the unvictorious Germans came back angry and this is how Germany in turn started world war two.
In both World War One and World War Two the US wanted to stay neutral. At the start of World War One in 1914, Woodrow Wilson vowed we would remain neutral for the war, this was due to the lack of support from the rest of the country to take a side, so the US did (lInderman1997). To many Americans they felt it was not there war to fight, because America was a land of immigrants that left Europe to escape European conflict. As the war waged on The United States only supplied some allied counties like Great Britain with supplies. This upset the Germans because they where trying to quarantine Great Britain.
The United States citizens started to feel they should get involved with the war. They started suppling the allies. The Germans saw that United States were helping allies with supplies in response the Germans sink these cargo ships. The Germans had submarines or u-boats often would torpedo and sink cargo ships of the coast of the British Isles. These U-boats would patrol British waters sinking hundreds of ships. The Germans used unrestricted submarine warfare. this meant they would attack any thing they saw as a threat to themselves or a help to the allied armed forces. On May 7, 1914 one of the German U-boats, U-boat U20, fired a single torpedo in to the passenger liner the Lusitania. the Lusitania was caring 1900 passengers on a trip from New York to Liverpool (linderman1997). it was thought to the Germans the Lusitania was carrying more then just people but ammunition for the allies soldiers. The Lusitania went down with in 15 minutes, killing 1198 passengers including 128 americans, this was an outrage to the whole world including Americans.
America was now willing to fight because of the Zimmerman telegraph. The Zimmerman telegraph thought to be the final straw for Americans was an intercepted telegram from Germany to Mexico, on January 16th a telegraph was sent from foreign secretary of Germany, Arthur Zimmerman to a German ambassador in Mexico. To send this telegraph they used Western Union. In a British Western Union they intercepted this letter and decoded it. The message that was a proposal to the Mexican government to join the Germans and axis side of the war. In turn the Germans would help take back newly lost land, Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico, that they had been lost during the Mexican American War to the United States. As soon as British intelligence found and decoded this message the handed it off to the recently reelected President Wilson. By March 1917 the Zimmermann letter made top head lines in America as well as around the world. This outraged Americans further.
The United States entered the war in 1917. President Woodrow Wilson declared war on the German empire on April 6 1917. America had re-elected Woodrow Wilson with the campaign motto “he kept us out of war” in 1916 but now he was leading us in to war (Kitchen2014). this change of opinion from the American public was due to the German cruelty. After American experts German cruelty with events like the sinking of the Lusitaina and the Zimmermann letter. The United States is for the war and by August over a million american troops made it to France. As for the home front food drives where started and women entered the work force to help the military production and where women’s rights started to take off.
The United States entry to the allied side of war motivated the allied troops. Trench life for the allied solders was purer hell. The solders had a “every one will die in the trenches”. and this is what the US soldIers where coming in on (Rosenburg2014). WW1 the deadliest most gruesome war on a global scale. World War One was a war of attrition

Wilson wanted “peace with no victory” so no one will have harsh feeling or want revenge. To fulfill the President Wilson came up with the 14 points. in this Wilson spells out a way for no country to be on the losing side of the war. Wilson states in his 14 points “Open convenants of peace , openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.” this meant that there will be unconditional peace among all, along with all pacts and allies should be made public and for all to see(Strachen2014). as he suspected the Germans came back angry World War Two was started after the Germans began to push their naturism and rebelled against the League of Nations who gave them tremendous war reparations. After World War One and the treaty of Versailles the Germans were found at fault for the war. The Germans were given had tremendous war reparations and was for forced to disarm themselves.
In the World War Two, America felt more inclined to join and fight in the war because of what Germany was doing.. Germany had tremendous war fines and was afraid to show nationalism until one leader Adolph Hitler rose to power. Germany was sanctioned fined and anti military zones put in place called Maginot line to keep Germany suppressed. with the German economy in the gutters and the Geman people afraid to show their nationalism it was easy for Hitler to come to power. He told the German people to be proud and challenge the suppressive countries. This attitude was all caused by the over punishment predicted by President Wilson. Now the remains people are looking for revenge and with a leader like Hitler the peace will not last long. there will be a 21 year peace period from World War One and World War Two.
The Germans restless and wanting to get back at the League of Nations. Some of the actions that Germany did to start up the world wars were the Germans invasion of the anti-military zone known as the Maginot line and the Kristallnacht or night of broken glass, in which German civilians looted Jewish shops and captured 30000 Jews to take to concentration camps(linderman1997). These actions would in turn spark people’s emotions and fuel the next world war.
The Germans will upset the whole world with acts like night of broken glass and cross in to Magneto line. In August 1939 Germany invades Poland, this causes France, Austria, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, and the United Kingdom to declare war on Germany. This means World WarTwo officially started 16 days after Germany invades Poland, the Soviet Union also invades Poland. In December 1939 the Soviet Union also invades Finland. Natzi Germany invades Denmark, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands Luxembourg, the war is now becoming a true world war. The war was split, the axis side which included Germany,Japan, Italy and the Soviet Union, and the allied side which mostly included England, Canada, France and most of the rest of the world. There where over 30 countries at war.
The United States managed to stay out of the second world war for almost 3 years but the US could not stay out of it what happened December 7 1941. On December 7th the Japanese launched a surprise attack on United States early December 7th the Japanese launched over 400 air craft in three waves to bomb the us navel fleet in pearl harbor(Rosenburg2014). 2403 americans killed 1178 americans wounded and 19 american ships would be lost or damaged in the attack. it would be a total defeat for the United States very next day the US enters the war and declares war on the Japanese. pearl harbor would become “a date that will live in infamy”(kitchen2014). The United States to declare war on Japan makes Germany and the axis poses to declare war on the United States. The United States was thrown in to World War Two.
As opposed to World War One the US view on whether or not to join the World War Two was far more pro war,after Pearl Harbor. American citizens were for the war and after Pearl Harbor, there where many young men willing to enlist to fight for the United States. The United States would send troops on 3 different war fronts. The United States sent troops to Africa, Europe, and Pacific Islands, making the United States military mobile. Thousands enlisted for all branches in the United States military, but this was still not enough. Men were drafted overseas and for the first time men where drafted in the United States Marine Corp As opposed to World War One, World War Two was not be fought in trenches, but more of a guerrilla warfare. Seeing how World War Two effected Americans ethics as it was one the United States land, it had more impact than World War One.
Over all the major difference in the ethics of the two world wars is world war two had more of a clear purpose. This is because in word war one the reason why counties fought, was because they made pacts so they where entitled to fight. the reason why they stayed fighting west to try to expand their own empire. This is opposed to world war two because in world war two countries like the unites states fought to control and suppress the belligerents of the german and japans empires.

Linderman, Gerald F. The world within war: America’s combat experience in World War II. New York: Free Press, 1997.

Strachan, Hew, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of the First World War: New Edition. Oxford University Press, 2014.

Widmaier, Wesley, and Dennis Grube. “Presidents, Prime Ministers and Policy Rhetoric: The ‘Credibility Gaps’ of Woodrow Wilson and Kevin Rudd in the League of Nations and Climate Change Debates.” Political Studies (2014).

Kitchen, Martin. “The Ending of World War One, and the Legacy of Peace.” BBC History. BBC, 17 Feb. 2011. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.

Rosenburg, Jenffer. “A Timeline of All You Need to Know about World War II.” About Education. About Education, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.

Rosenburg, Jenffer. “World War 1 Timeline.” About Education. About Education, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2014.

“U.S. Enters World War One.” This Day in History. The History Channel, n.d. Web. <http%3A%2F%2Ffirstworldwar.com%2Fdiaries%2Findex.htm>.Web 2 Dec. 2014

“Lusitania.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/lusitania&gt;.

 

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